Τρίτη, 29 Σεπτεμβρίου 2015

Endangered animal species in Africa


Top 10 most endangered animal species in Africa
By Michael Theys on April 1, 2010 in Environment Africa Freak
 
The following listing is based upon IUCN’s Red List of Threatened Species!

1. Addax



Scientific Name: Addax nasomaculatus.

Status: Critically Endangered.

Threats: Uncontrolled hunting and harassment. Also drought and the extension of pastoralism.

Population: Less than 300 animals surviving in the wild.

Countries: Chad, Mauritania, Niger.

Also known as the white antelope and the screwhorn antelope, the addax lives in the Sahara desert.
 

2. Ethiopian Wolf



Scientific Name: Canis simensis.

Status: Endangered.

Threats: Loss of habitat (agriculture), disease epizootics and hybridization with domestic dogs.

Population: 400-550 individuals.

Countries: Endemic to the Ethiopian highlands.

A canid native to the Ethiopian Highlands. It is similar to the coyote in size and build, and is distinguished by its long and narrow skull, and its red and white fur.
 

3. Mountain Gorilla



Scientific Name: Gorilla beringei.

Status: Endangered.

Threats: Habitat loss, poaching, pet trade and illegal hunting (bushmeat).

Population: Closest estimate is 680 mountain gorillas.

Countries: The Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda.

The Mountain Gorilla is a subspecies of the eastern gorilla. There are only two populations left on Earth.
 

4. Pygmy Hippopotamus



Scientific Name: Choeropsis liberiensis.

Status: Endangered.

Threats: Deforestation for farming and logging + bushmeat hunting.

Population: The latest estimate (1993 survey) is pretty much outdated (2000-3000 pygmy hippos). Since the population trend is on a decrease, fewer than 2000 individuals is probably more accurate (although this stat is clearly approximate).

Countries: Endemic to West Africa; Sierra Leone, Guinea, Côte d’Ivoire, and Liberia.

Reclusive and nocturnal, the pygmy hippo is semi-aquatic and relies on proximity to water to keep its skin moisturised and its body temperature cool.
 

5. African Wild Dog



Scientific Name: Lycaon pictus.

Status: Endangered.

Threats: Conflict with human activities and infectious disease (e.g. rabies).

Population: 3000-5500.

Countries: Native to Botswana; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Ethiopia; Kenya; Malawi; Mozambique; Namibia; Senegal; South Africa; Sudan; Tanzania; Zambia; Zimbabwe. The African wild dog is a highly social animal, living in packs with separate dominance hierarchies for males and females. Uniquely among social carnivores, it is the females rather than the males that scatter from the natal pack once sexually mature, and the young are allowed to feed first on carcasses.

6. Black Rhinoceros



Scientific Name: Diceros bicornis.

Status: Critically Endangered.

Threats: Mainly poaching for its horn and “medicinal” value (China).

Population: Has declined by over 90% over the last 60 odd years. Current estimation is at roughly 4180 black rhinos.

Countries: Kenya; Namibia; South Africa; Tanzania; Zimbabwe.

Although the rhinoceros is referred to as ‘black’, its colours vary from brown to grey.
 

7. Cheetah



Scientific Name: Acinonyx jubatus.

Status: Vulnerable.

Threats: Habitat loss, fragmentation and human conflict (mainly farmers).

Population: 10 000-15 000. Cheetahs are believed to have lost over 76% of their historic range on the continent.

Countries: Algeria; Angola; Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Central African Republic; Chad; The Democratic Republic of the Congo; Ethiopia; Islamic Republic of Iran; Kenya; Mozambique; Namibia; Niger; Somalia; South Africa; Sudan; United Republic of Tanzania; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe. 
 

8. African Lion



Scientific Name: Panthera leo.

Status: Vulnerable.

Threats: Poisoning to protect local livestock (Refer to Furadan), prey base depletion, habitat loss and trophy hunting.

Population: Best estimate is 20 000-23 000. Such a pity, especially when you consider their number 50 years ago (450 000 lions; a loss of +/- 95%). 

 
Countries: Most of sub-Saharan Africa. 

9. African Penguin (Jackass Penguin)



Scientific Name: Spheniscus demersus.

Status: Vulnerable.

Threats: Commercial fisheries and oil spills.

Population: 72 000 birds.

Countries: Angola; Mozambique; Namibia; South Africa


10. African Elephant



Scientific Name: Loxodonta africana.

Status: Vulnerable.

Threats: Poaching for ivory and meat + loss of habitat.

Population: 470 000-690 000.

Countries: Angola; Benin; Botswana; Burkina Faso; Cameroon; Central African Republic; Chad; Congo; Congo; Côte d’Ivoire; Equatorial Guinea; Eritrea; Ethiopia; Gabon; Ghana; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Kenya; Liberia; Malawi; Mali; Mozambique; Namibia; Niger; Nigeria; Rwanda; Senegal; Sierra Leone; Somalia; South Africa; Sudan; Tanzania; Togo; Uganda; Zambia; Zimbabwe.



Endangered Mammals of Africa


Earth's Endangered Creatures

Click on the species name to view its profile.

Mammals
Common Name Range ***
AddaxNorth Africa
African Wild AssEthiopia, Somalia, Sudan
African Wild DogSub-saharan Africa
Aye-ayeMalagasy Republic (Madagascar)
Barbary ServalAlgeria
Black RhinocerosSub-saharan Africa
Cameroon Clawless OtterCameroon, Nigeria
CheetahAfrica to India
ChimpanzeeAfrica
Clarke's GazelleEthiopia, Somalia
Coquerel's SifakaMadagascar
Cuvier's GazelleAlgeria, Morocco, Tunisia
Dama GazelleAfrica
Dorcas GazelleAlgeria, Arabian Peninsula, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Morocco, Somalia, Syria, Tunisia
DugongEast Africa to Southern Japan
Ethiopian WolfEthiopia
Fork-crowned LemurMadagascar
Hairy-eared Dwarf LemurMadagascar
LeopardAfrica, Asia, Middle East
Malagasy Giant Jumping RatMadagascar
Mediterranean Monk SealMediterranean Sea, Northwest African Coast and Black Sea
Mountain ZebraNamibia, South Africa
Pygmy ChimpanzeeDemocratic Republic of Congo (Zaire)
Pygmy Mouse LemurMadagascar
Red-eared Nose-spotted MonkeyCameroon, Fernando Po, Nigeria
Rodrigues Fruit BatIndian Ocean (Rodrigues Island)
Sand CatAfrica, Asia, Europe, Middle East
Slender-horned GazelleAlgeria, Egypt, Libya, Sudan
Striped HyenaAsia, Africa, and the Middle East, Europe
Western Giant ElandSenegal to Ivory Coast
Western Lowland GorillaCentral and Western Africa
White-throated GuenonWestern Nigeria
Zanzibar SuniZanzibar (and nearby islands) 


Mammals | Birds | Reptiles | Amphibians | Fishes | Insects | Arachnids
Worms | Clams | Crustaceans | Snails | Corals, Jellyfish, and Sea Anemones


See also

The god called “Earth”
Orthodoxy's Worship: The Sanctification of the Entire World
 
A Letter from an Orthodox Christian to our Native Americans Brothers 
in Search of Orthodoxy (tag) 
National parks of Africa

Δεν υπάρχουν σχόλια:

Δημοσίευση σχολίου